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9 posts from March 2011


Córdoba-Seville (spring 2011-CIEE Alcalá)

El pasado fin de semana estuvimos en Córdoba y Sevilla (marzo 25-27 de 2011) y aunque es la vez número… ya no me acuerdo, cada una es diferente para el staff de CIEE. / This past weekend we were in Cordoba and Seville (March 25-27th, 2011) and although I can’t even remember how many times I’ve been there, each time is different for the CIEE staff. 



 El hotel siempre es distinto aunque sea el mismo “Hotel Alcázar”: unos piensan que es perfecto por ubicación, desayuno e instalaciones, otros te dicen que se debería ir en tranvía desde él a la catedral (un kilómetro) o que el personal no es agradable. / The hotel is always different even if it is the same "Hotel Alcazar": some think it’s perfect because of its location, breakfast, and facilities, while others say you should take the tram from the hotel to the cathedral (which is one kilometer away) or that the staff is not nice. 


Hotel alcázar  Hotel alcázar 2

Es curioso ver las diferentes reacciones de los estudiantes a las mismas o parecidas explicaciones de Fausto Zamora y su adaptación a las normas de grupo, cuyo cumplimiento varía cada semestre. /  It’s interesting to see the students’ different reactions to Fausto Zamora’s explanations, which vary little year to year, and their adaptation to group norms. Their compliance to these norms does vary each semester.



Me llama la atención la diferencia de fotografías que hacen los estudiantes ante los mismos monumentos, las mismas calles, los mismos lugares./ I was  surprised by the variety of photographs taken by students of the same monuments, the same streets, the same places. 



Igualmente es interesante leer las evaluaciones a la vuelta del viaje y comprobar que lo que a unos les encanta a otros no, y lo que unos prueban les parece riquísimo y otros no pueden soportarlo, que los hay que van de tapas y los hay que continúan con las internacionales pizzas. / It is also interesting to read the reviews on the trip back to Alcalá and see what some liked and what others didn’t like at all, what some ate and loved but others hated. There are some that try the typical “tapas” and others that continue eating the international pizzas. 


Tapas sevilla

El autobús puede llegar a ser una tortura para unos y para otros una ventana al paisaje andaluz. Las horas son interminables para unos dentro y para otros, momentos o la oportunidad de descansar, leer y divertirse con los amigos. / The bus can be torture for some and for others it’s a window into the Andalusian countryside. The hours are endless for some of them, while for others the bus ride is an opportunity to relax, read and have fun with friends. 

Ali en bus P1140348 P1140350

 Pero lo que siempre, siempre es igual es la sensación al volver a casa de que hemos hecho nuestro trabajo lo mejor que hemos podido tras muchos días previos de preparación. / But what is always, always the same is the feeling of coming home, knowing we have done our job as best we could, after many days of preparation.


La juventud de España/ Spain’s Youth

Since I have been in Alcalá I have been amazed at the numerous opportunities to get involved in the community.  The Institute Benjamin Franklin has a great volunteer program set up with all the local schools.  You can work with children as young as four years old or as old as 16.  Whether you want to teach or play, Institute Franklin can help you get involved.  Twice a week I volunteer at the Colegio Lope de Vega.  I have five children in my supervision at a time, and a total of four different classes.  During my class I speak talk with these young teens in order to prepare them for an English exam that ambitious students take in May.  I have loved the opportunity to work with these kids while abroad. 

I also have a paying tutoring job abroad.  I tutor four different children in English twice a week.  While it is great to have the extra money, the experience itself has been one of my favorites in Spain.  I also love the chance to get creative and invent new ways to teach children.  If you are interested in education or just like to hang out with kids, you will have the opportunity to do so in Alcalá.


Moving Around Madrid

When going to places around Madrid it is the most cost effective and easiest to just get he ABONO monthly pass. This pass gives you unlimited access to the train, metro, and bus system in the zone you select. The only part of which in Alcalá is the buses. Normally it cost 1 euro per ride for the bus or metro, or train into Madrid is around 3. The youth ABONO for the B3 cost just 44.90 euros and is obviously the cheapest option.


 It is really easy to get around Alcalá. There are several lines that run all throughout the city the most popular for the students is line 2 or 3 because those are the lines that go to the residencias where many students live and where students who choose not to live with a host family live. Lines 2 and 3 also pass by la hipica another important barrio of the city where many CIEE students live. El Ensanche has line 7 or 10. All of the lines run about every 10-20 minutes depends on time of day and which line it is. This makes it exceptionally easy to travel around Alcalá without spending money on cabs. (buses on the weekend run on the hour all night!)


So what happens if the card doesn’t work?


I didn’t have a single problem with the card not working my first month; however since then I have had a few problems. When the “carné” doesn’t work you go to the RENFE station in Alcalá and exchange it. It is that simple. Don’t go back to the “estanco” because they won’t exchange it for you. (They are generally on a constant nic-fit frenzy.)





Spaniards gossip about Americans, too?!

A few weeks ago, one of the biggest newspapers in Spain, El País, started a blog about the United States - from politics and the government to food and shopping. It's their way of understanding and learning about the American lifestyle, society, and culture. Here's the link to this blog:

Earlier this month, David Alandete published an article about how happy people are in the United States. Here's the article: 

Happiness in the United States

Article by: David Alandete


new poll asks: Where are the happiest Americans? The answer seems logical, almost obvious: Hawaii. Where do they suffer more? In one State, Michigan, home to one of the most battered cities as time goes on: Detroit. There is a range of colors, from the Pacific’s blue beaches to a flourishing state for manufacturing cars. Between Hawaii and Michigan, Americans are happier in states of large, open spaces and endless nature, such as Wyoming, the Dakotas, and Alaska. And they are not so happy in the Deep South, in states that have, for many years, been synonymous with poverty and segregation, such as Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana.

  Overall wellbeing

Map created by Gallup. The darker the green, the happier the state’s citizens are.


The survey was conducted by Gallup to 352,000 people in the 50 states between January and December 2010, based on the following criteria: assessment of the general living conditions, emotional health, work environment, physical health, healthy habits, and access to basic services such as health. Hawaii is the ideal place: It got outstanding in three categories: assessment of living conditions and emotional and physical health. Indeed, West Virginia is the worst state where you live, seeing as it failed these three categories.


Wyoming is the second happiest state. Here, one of his landscapes from the Flickr channel Stuck in Customs.

None of the major world metropolises like New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, or Miami, is within the states where the people are happiest. On the contrary, much happier states are predominantly rural areas, associated with the great American West, a sublime natural beauty. Nevada is the exception, which is among the places with a greater degree of unhappiness. This may be due to the fact that the economic crisis has been strongest here: unemployment there is at 10% and in the services sector, dependent on the casinos of Las Vegas and Reno, are going through tough times because of the decline in tourism.

Americans are unhappier in the rural South, Louisiana and east of the Mississippi River, and the Atlantic coast and the industrial Midwest. There are special rates of dissatisfaction in states that have experienced decades of economic decline after the boom manufacturing after World War II, such as Ohio, Michigan, and Indiana. Southern Florida, especially the Miami-Dade County, recorded very low rates of satisfaction on issues such as health, work, or emotional well being.

The list of the 10 happiest states, with estimated ratings out of a maximum of 100 points:

1. Hawaii: 71.0

2. Wyoming: 69.2

3. North Dakota: 68.4

4. Alaska: 68.3

5. Colorado: 68.0

6. Minnesota: 68.0

7. South Dakota: 68.0

8. Utah: 67.9

9. Connecticut: 67.9

10. Nebraska: 67.8

11. Massachusetts: 67.8


HawaiiThe happiest state: Hawaii!

The 10 states where one lives the worst:

42. Michigan: 64.6

43. Louisiana: 64.3

44. Nevada: 64.2

45. Delaware: 64.2

46. Ohio: 63.8

47. Alabama: 63.7

48. Arkansas: 63.7

49. Mississippi: 63.0

50. Kentucky: 61.9

51. West Virginia: 61.7




Storks on the outside and a baby inside The College of Málaga, baroque gem of Alcalá, turns 400 years old By Patricia Gosálvez, March 14, 2011 (EL PAÍS)

The towers have everything that a baroque tower should have. Slate needles are topped by a ball, a weather vane and a cross. They have storks nested in their bases. "The towers of the Colegio de Málaga are exceptional, give grandeur, a noble and severe air, which has been preserved intact to this day," says Luis Miguel Gutiérrez Torrecilla, academic and author of a book that tells the story of the building that was founded 400 years ago in Alcalá de Henares.


Its construction was ordered by Don Juan Alonso Moscoso in 1611 as a college of San Ciriaco and Santa Paula, but it is known as "Málaga" because the man was archbishop of the Andalusian city of Málaga. The construction began years later, after the archbishop had already died. His pious: a junior college to provide accommodation and meals for poor students. Afterwards, the building was the home for college women and beneficial for teenagers, and now houses the Faculty of Philosophy. On the outside, it still has all its baroque features: its carefully laid masonry stones, the fascia carved with a legend in Latin. Inside, the different uses and two major expansions from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have transformed everything. And what remains is a very different place...

Rainbow en Alcala

The imperial staircase is magnificent. Above is an elliptical dome fluted (with branches), originally decorated with geometric patterns. Painted above is a giant fetus. It is screwed into the lantern of the dome that serves as amniotic sac and she sucks her thumb as if weren’t 15 meters. It is a fresco painted by José María Larrondo in 1997 during the last renovation of the building. "I am a historian, I do not go there," says Gutierrez Torrecilla diplomatically, refusing to give his opinion about the work entitled Celestial vault: the meaning of life. The English say that there is an elephant in the room when you ignore something obvious and thorny. The fetus with elephantiasis aroused quite a stir at the time. It was commissioned by the rector of the university, but a group of professors put up a fuss and reported him to consider the daring Heritage intervention XVII Dome as "fraudulent" and "absurd." But the baby resisted the stakes.

Bebé colegio málaga

Walking the halls of power today, the historian prefers to talk about how college life was four centuries ago. "Totally different, very hard with long hours studying and daily Mass, closed at night and, of course, women were not admitted." The original idea of ​​scholarships only for the poor students began to degenerate over time, but the schools (the street the building is named the same because there were up to 20) always had a strong spirit of self-governing community. They had their own president and even a uniform: a brown coat with a grant, the pledge that, for a shawl over her shoulders, are only seen at graduation parties and the rogues. To study in one of the four faculties of Alcalá you had to know Latin, literally, because it was the language that the classes were taught in. There was a strong hierarchy and a "hood" that made secret decisions. The students with these scholarships, who had a barber, laundering services, a bakery and servants, they were there for nine years and were financed by income from the land they ceded the founder. "Throughout the eighteenth century the wealth was being wasted luxuries and excesses," said the professor, "what must be added the impulsive character of the students that fought among themselves and with neighbors, and hazing did not contribute to the spirit of the community.” Luckily the university had bailiffs, case law and its own jail, where sentences were more lenient.



In the courtyard of the school is a fountain decorated with a lion's head from that time period. You were supposed to put your hand inside of his open mouth as a proof of loyalty (like in the movie Roman Holiday). If you were unfaithful, the lion would bite you. “Legends…”, sighs the historian," every European city has a similar one.”




Gastronomy from Ash Wednesday until Easter

Even though the days during “Semana Santa”, or Spain’s Holy Week, are religious days filled with processions and devotion, this time is also for celebration and family gatherings, and where gastronomy undoubtedly plays a main role.

 After Carnival, the next Catholic Holiday is Holy Week, days in which the Passion and Death of Christ are commemorated. The beatitude and spirituality combined with the people’s fervor of those who participate in the processions, church masses, and devotional songs. But the holidays also bring with them vacation and family visits, and so, a good kitchen table is necessary these days.

 Fish and typical pastries are the main typical gastronomical protagonists of this week. Catholic Lent does not allow you to eat meat on Fridays starting from the end of Carnival (Ash Wednesday), a Christian duty known as “vigil”, a culinary tradition that continues up until Good Friday.


Codfish, garbanzo beans and spinach are the main ingredients in the traditional “vigilia” stew.


Codfish, fundamental fish in “vigilia” stew

Fritters, croquettes and omelet’s, all made with codfish, are three of the most typical dishes during this time. For each of them, the flour dough is mixed with the unmistakable flavor of codfish, which is the most common fish eaten during Holy Week. There are also those who opt to try the “pil pil”, one of the most traditional Spanish stews, covered in breadcrumbs and fried in the skillet.

  Buuelos de bacalao


Other Options
Catholic Holy Week has a lot of similarities with Jewish Passover, mainly in that, by means of penance, you must fast or abstain from eating meat during Lent and especially on Good Friday. Though many families no longer strictly follow these religious traditions, the customs are a very good excuse to offer to your family or friends typical recipes, ancient and elaborate flavors, which are increasingly less common in homes due to the fast-paced lifestyle we live.

 Sweets and Pastries

Baking is another strong point during Holy Week. All of the homemade pastries made with milk cover the tablecloths in everyone’s home during this time. The Spanish rice pudding and fried milk (a type of custard) are two of the most typical dishes.



In many pastry shops, mostly in Castile and Andalusia, the doughnuts of Holy Week fill the display windows, while in Levante, mainly in Catalonia, the most common are “Monas de Pascua”. 



Las torrijas and los pestiños are the most popular pastries. Pestiños, from Castile, are made with a fried flour dough, sweetened with lots of honey. The torrijas, originally from Madrid and made with milk and wine, are essential for any Spanish palate during Easter. They’re easy to make, have a delicious flavor and don’t cost much, which is why they’ve become the perfect dish for these days of austerity. 



3rd. CIEE Alcalá News Letter (February-March 2011)

In mid-February the students had the opportunity to see the World Champions soccer game in the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, against Columbia, who they beat 1-0.

  En el fútbol

The Instituto Benjamin Franklin trips in February and March are underway and our CIEE students have signed up for almost all of them, especially the girls from Notre Dame of Maryland, who are very active. But, let’s not forget about all of the individual trips around Europe.

  Chicas en Toledo 2
  Liz y catalina comiendo

Midterm exams were the first two days of the month of March, which kept the students busy studying.

 The students have taken huge leaps in their adaptation to Spanish life and almost all of the students meet with their language conversation partner regularly or spend time with their families, go to the hair salon, eat ham…

  Alexandria en la peluquería

         Becca partiendo jamón

The Book Club is the big thing for the Wisconsin-Madison and Soka University students, who come to every weekly meeting in the Café Continental. The current book is a contemporary detective novel.


  March was also CARNIVAL month in Spain. Some students wore costumes to celebrate.

  Carnaval 1

  We can’t forget the volunteering, this group being the most active that CIEE Alcalá has had yet: 6 girls, from Wisconsin-Madison, Minnesota Twin Cities, Iowa, and Guilford go to different during and after-school programs in schools around Alcalá de Henares. And there are girls from Duquesne University and Wisconsin-Madison that teach English to children, which they are paid for. 

 Students from Missouri-Columbia, Wisconsin-Madison, and Colorado at Boulder are registered in regular University courses and go to their distinct classes around the University campus. 



Ilustres Vecinos de Alcalá (I) - Famous Neighbors from Alcalá

The Writer Miguel de Cervantes


Spanish novelist, poet and playwright, Cervantes was born in Alcala de Henares, a town 20 miles from Madrid, on September 29, 1547. He was named Miguel for Saint Michael, whose patron day is September 29. Being the son of a barber-surgeon, he traveled around a lot, moving wherever his father's services were needed. His family was large; he was only the fourth son out of what was to become seven children in total. Not much is known about his educational background. It is supposed that he studied under the Jesuits as a child and in his late teens and very early twenties, under the tutelage of the principal of a municipal school in Madrid named Juan Lopez de Hoyos. Unlike most writers of his time, he apparently did not go to the university.

In 1570, he left Spain for Italy, a move usually done by the Spaniards of his time to further their careers. Once there he joined the Spanish army in Naples. Around this time, the relations between the Ottoman Empire and the countries in the Mediterranean were very much strained. This was due to the fact that the Ottoman Empire was quickly expanding its power over these countries. In 1571, a Turkish fleet invaded Cyprus, an island country near Greece. This move made the confrontation between the Turks and the Spanish armies located in nearby Italy inevitable. Cervantes valiantly fought in the Gulf of Lepanto, an area near Greece. He was badly wounded in his left hand and thus earned the nickname "Manco de Lepanto" (Maimed of Lepanto). After that, he continued fighting in the Mediterranean.

Something incredible happened when he tried to come back home to Spain in 1575. His ship was captured by pirates and he was taken as a slave to Algiers, a country in northern Africa. It is believed that his life as a slave from 1575 to 1580 became the source of inspiration for some episodes in Don Quixote. In 1580, his family, with the help of the friars of a Trinitarian monastery, was finally able to raise the ransom money needed to free him.

Spain had changed drastically during Cervantes's absence. Prices had increased dramatically and the standard of living for people like his middle-class family had fallen. As a sad consequence, Cervantes would spend the rest of his life employment-hopping and being continually short of money. But it was his return to Spain which began his career as a major literary figure. In 1585, he published his first long work, La Galatea, a prose pastoral romance. Its publication brought him success with the reading public. After this pastoral romance, Cervantes decided to try his luck as a dramatist. His plays were average in comparison to the Don Quixote which he was to write in 1604.

When the First Part of Don Quixote came out in 1605, it was an immediate success. It was such a success that it was translated into English, French, and Italian within the next twenty years. In 1615, a year before his death, the Second Part came out and was just as successful. It is believed that the Second Part is richer and more profound than the First.

Unfortunately, all of this success resulted in no profit for Cervantes, who had sold the publishing rights of his work. The other major works that he published were 12 Novelas Ejemplares (12 Exemplar Novels, 1613) and Ocho Comedias y Ocho Entremeses (Eight Comedies and Eight Interludes, 1615). In the latter, Cervantes poignantly bids goodbye to the world in the prologue; he obviously foresaw his imminent death. He died the following year in Madrid, on April 22, 1616, and was buried on April 23rd.

The influence of Don Quixote on later literature was astounding. The work, which is in essence a parody of the time's popular chivalric romances, had been written in a realistic style. Cervantes' use of irony came to be admired and Don Quixote came to be seen at times as a comic hero and at others as a tragic hero driven by impossible dreams. It is believed that the influence of this work can be seen in such writers as Sir Walter Scott, Charles Dickens, Benito Perez Galdos and in painters like William Hogarth and Pablo Picasso.


Manuel Azaña: President of the Second Republic of Spain

(born January 10, 1880, Alcalá de Henares, Spain—died November 4, 1940, Montauban, France) Spanish minister and president of the Second Republic whose attempts to fashion a moderately liberal government were halted by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

Azaña studied law in Madrid and became a civil servant, journalist, and writer, figuring prominently in Ateneo, a Madrid literary club. He translated George Borrow's The Bible in Spain and was awarded the national prize for literature in 1926 for his biography of the novelist Juan Valera. His novel El jardín de los frailes (1927; “The Garden of the Monks”) was a vehicle for his strongly anticlerical opinions.

In 1930 he began to organize a liberal republican party, Republican Action (Acción Republicana), in opposition to the dictatorship of General Miguel Primo de Rivera. He was one of the signatories of the Pact of San Sebastián (August 1930), an alliance of republicans, socialists, and the Catalan left that called for the abdication of King Alfonso XIII. When Alfonso left Spain after the municipal elections of April 1931, this group became the provisional government. As minister of war in the new government, Azaña drastically reduced the army establishment. During the drafting of Spain's new constitution, he was the driving force behind the adoption of clauses restricting the rights of the clergy, establishing secular education, allowing the redistribution of land, and fully enfranchising women. When the anticlerical clauses of the new constitution caused the resignation of the Prime Minister, Niceto Alcalá Zamora, in October 1931, Azaña succeeded him.

Azaña held the office of prime minister until September 1933. His Republican Action was a small party, and he depended on the parliamentary support of the socialists and Catalan left for the continuation of his ministry. As prime minister, Azaña tried to enforce the progressive clauses of the new constitution, and he also pushed through a draconian Law for the Defense of the Republic (1931) and reacted harshly to opposition from the clergy, the army, monarchists, and anarchists. His severe treatment of dissent helped erode his popularity, and the slow pace of social reform alienated his socialist partners, who broke their coalition with him. He was driven from office in the autumn of 1933 by a coalition of centre and right-wing parties. In 1934 he was arrested by the centre-right government on suspicion of having abetted an uprising in Catalonia, but he was acquitted at his trial and won considerable public sympathy.

In 1935 Azaña helped form the Popular Front, a broad left-wing coalition that included liberals, socialists, and communists. In the elections of February 1936 the Azaña-led alliance was successful, and he again formed a government. When the Cortes (parliament) decided to remove President Alcalá Zamora from office, Azaña was elected to succeed him (May 1936). Azaña was meanwhile trying to prevent the left-wing parties from gaining complete control of his government, but he was able to accomplish little before a military revolt led to the outbreak of civil war in July 1936. Azaña reacted to the Nationalist uprising by appointing the moderate Diego Martínez Barrio to be prime minister. This attempt to widen support for the republican government was a failure, however, and control of policy soon passed from Azaña's hands, though he remained in office as a figurehead. With the victory in 1939 of the Nationalist forces under General Francisco Franco, Azaña went into exile in France, where he died.


Catalina de Aragón (Catherine of Aragon) – Queen of England


Born Dec. 16, 1485, Alcalá de Henares, Spain—died Jan. 7, 1536, Kimbolton, Huntingdon, England. First wife of King Henry VIII England (reigned 1509–47). The refusal of Pope Clement VII to annul Henry's marriage to Catalina triggered the break between Henry and Rome and led to the English Reformation.

Catalina was the youngest daughter of the Spanish rulers Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. In 1501 she married Prince Arthur, eldest son of King Henry VII of England. Arthur died the following year, and shortly afterward she was betrothed to Prince Henry, the second son of Henry VII. But subsequent rivalry between England and Spain and Ferdinand's refusal to pay the full dowry prevented the marriage from taking place until her fiancé assumed the throne as Henry VIII in 1509. For some years the couple lived happily. Catalina matched the breadth of her husband's intellectual interests, and she was a competent regent while he was campaigning against the French (1512–14).

Between 1510 and 1518 Catalina gave birth to six children, including two sons, but all except Mary (later queen of England, 1553–58) either were stillborn or died in early infancy. Henry's desire for a legitimate male heir prompted him in 1527 to appeal to Rome for an annulment on the grounds that the marriage had violated the biblical prohibition against a union between a man and his brother's widow. Catalina appealed to Pope Clement VII, contending that her marriage to Henry was valid because the previous marriage to Arthur had never been consummated.

For seven years the Pope avoided issuing the annulment because he could not alienate Catalina's nephew, the Holy Roman emperor Charles V. Finally Henry separated from Catalina in July 1531. On May 23, 1533—five months after he married Anne Boleyn—he had his own archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, annul the marriage to Catalina. Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy repudiating all papal jurisdiction in England and making the king head of the English church. Although Catalina had always been loved by the English people, Henry forced her to spend her last years isolated from all public life.





Tiempo de exámenes / Exams Week!

How to overcome anxiety, tension and nervousness in an exam


A bit of anxiety before an exam is normal. It will even help you to be more responsive and will positively stimulate you. Strong anxiety can be an indicator of fear of failure that occurs when you have not prepared enough for a test. The solution is to resort to planning your time and realistic timetables.


A lot anxiety can also affect students who have prepared for their exams without there necessarily being a explaining such anxiety. The most common explanation is usually associated with abnormal stress caused by the actual test itself: poor reading of the questions, confusion in the responses, mental lapses ... causing a clear waste of effort of the test preparation.


Tips to minimize anxiety:

  • Do not make an excessive effort the day before the exam, aka “cramming”. Let alone the night before, instead of sleeping.


  • Fulfill your review program or note taking techniques. 
    • Recite, record without help from the book or your notes
    • While reviewing, try to ask yourself questions that you think might be on the exam
    • Make a detailed schedule for the final review. Each topic should be well planned, divided sessions.
    • You must dominate the exam material one week before the exam date. This way, the last few days before the exam, you can spend on quick summaries that refresh your memory.
    • If you’ve fallen behind on your work and now don’t have much, concentrate on the most important topics.


  •  Do some sort of physical activity the day before. It will really help you go into the exam feeling relaxed. Also some "moderate social activity" can substantially reduce anxiety.





Additional tips:

  • Get a good night's sleep.
  • Do not go to the exam on an empty stomach. We recommend taking a small snack, such as fruits, vegetables, or juices. Do not eat very sugary foods.  
  • Try to think of the exam as a reward for your effort put forth.
  • Practice breathing and relaxation techniques before the test (breathing techniques can be practiced even during the exam.)
  • Follow the examination techniques. That is, read the instructions and questions carefully, sketch response - draft, etc.
  • If you go "blank" on a question, jump to the next. If you go completely blank, try to write something, anything… The answer is in your mind and it can be found at any time with a little encouragement.


Good luck!